|MR. WORK AND FRIEND|
February 1926. The SS Finland
docks in Havana, Cuba; the last stop of its long voyage from San Pedro,
California. Debarking from the ship is Harold S. Vanderbilt and his
bridge playing friends. Also coming on shore is the new game of
Bridge. It wasn't long before this game of Contract Bridge supplanted
widely played game of Auction Bridge.
The master theoretician and proponent of the new game was the young Russo-Scot American Ely Culbertson. Through books, magazines, lectures Ely and his wife Jo spread the word: here is the Game of Games - Contract Bridge. The Culbertson's had their own system of bidding and hand evaluation. This was their gospel which they preached via syndicated newspaper articles, radio and film.
During the mid thirties there were upstarts who would challenge the Culbertson's. In Philadelphia a young and struggling lawyer, Charles Goren, not only became addicted to Bridge, but found a mentor in the famous Bridge author Milton C. Work. Mr. Work back in 1929 published his book Contract Bridge for All where he outlined the 4-3-2-1 Point Count System. But in 1929 the world was too busy with Stock Market crashes and Ely Culbertson to pay much attention to a new (and more accurate) Bridge bidding system.
Goren worked for Work, absorbing all that the master had to offer. 1936 saw the publication of Goren's first book: Winning Bridge Made Easy. But Culbertson hung on. It wasn't until 1950 and 1951 when Charles came out with Point Count Bidding and Contract Bridge Complete that Culbetson was finally dethroned. Goren and the Point Count System have arrived.
|There have been attempts at using other hand evaluation methods. A 5-4-3-2-1 was once proposed. The Ace counted as 5 points and the 10 one point. Too many numbers; too burdensome. Today, players now looking for refinement of the basic system might count length, dummy points, assets or tens as ½ point. (In Contract Bridge for All, Milton does count two 10's as One Point and gives points for length in partner's suit.) These however, are just minor adjustments. Today, Milton Work's 4-3-2-1 Point Count System is used exclusively, world wide.||
Try not to let household
chores interere with your
with your Bridge playing.
NEXT | PREVIOUS | HOME PAGE | MONTHLY HAND | GLOSSARY | LIBRARY & LINKS | E - MAIL